What breed is my dog? A DNA test can tell you. This test uses a database of recognized breeds to determine your pet’s exact ancestry. You may also discover earlier breeds from your pet’s past. While breeds may be similar, every dog is unique. Even dogs from the same breed may have dramatically different physical characteristics. Some breeds may even have different DNA from their great-grandparents.
DNA tests also help you determine a dog’s health history. They can detect diseases like Von Willebrand’s disease, an inherited blood disorder. Doberman pinschers are known poster dogs for this disease. Other types of dogs may be more susceptible to a neurologic disorder known as degenerative myelopathy. There are DNA tests for hundreds of different health conditions. Your dog’s genetic heritage is the most accurate way to determine its health risks.
The levels of DNA detected in a dog’s genome determine the breed of the dog. A dog with a high match percentage to a single breed (more than 50%) will be classified as a Level 1 breed. A dog with a mixed-breed background may report a Level 2 breed. This indicates that one parent may have possessed 50% of one breed. Level 3 breeds make up 26%-39% of the dog’s DNA and Level T breeds make up 5% to 10%.
DNA tests for dogs are not foolproof. Some people have made life-threatening decisions based on the results of a DNA test without consulting a veterinarian. DNA tests can identify the majority of canine breeds, including purebreds. However, there is no guarantee that a dog is a purebred. DNA tests do not reveal the exact genetic makeup of a purebred dog, so be sure to consult a veterinarian before making major medical decisions for your pet.
The Wisdom Panel dog DNA test is a superior product, developed by renowned geneticists and veterinarians. Its error rate is consistently lower than industry standards. As a result, this service is the most accurate on the market. The database for breed reference is the most comprehensive in the industry. The interface makes it easy to view your dog’s breed breakdown. It also lists each breed in the mix.
Orivet offers an affordable DNA test for dogs. Embark’s results include percentages of each breed in your dog’s DNA, ancestry, geographic origin, and genetic risk for 210+ canine genetic health problems. The results are sent to a veterinarian and you can receive updates via email or social media. The results are generally available within three weeks, but if you’re looking for the fastest results, the Embark Dog DNA test may be the right choice for you.
The price of a DNA test varies from one company to the next, so your decision on which one to buy will depend on whether you’re more interested in the genetic diversity of purebreds or determining genetic relatives. These tests compare a dog’s DNA to a database of DNA samples taken from dogs that have been confirmed to have a purebred pedigree. The test results will be returned within two weeks with a customized photo certificate.